Ceramic Coated Cookware Safety Secrets That No One Will Tell You!

ceramic coated non-stick cookware safety

I’ve been getting a lot of requests for a more detailed explanation and a safety review of non-stick Ceramic coated cookware.  Exactly how safe are the ceramic coatings?  While PTFE (Teflon) has had its share of negative publicity there have also been a lot question marks about ceramic and ceramic coated cookware.  Concerns include the possibility of metals and toxins leaching into food: lead, cadmium and even arsenic!  Other readers have asked about the ‘non-stick’ life of a ceramic coated pan.   Do they stay non-stick for long?  And if they scratch, are poisonous toxins leaching into your food?

Manufacturers and marketers of ceramic coated cookware claim they are ultra safe, with no chemicals or heavy metals and are very durable…..


We set out to find out.

Consider this your ultimate guide to the safety, ease of use and durability of non-stick ceramic coated cookware.


What is Ceramic coated cookware?

Ceramic technically means ‘clay that has been fire hardened’.  So when we talk of ceramic coated cookware, we are talking about some sort of metal (usually hard anodized aluminum) that has been coated with a layer of ceramic.  Ceramic non-stick coatings are typically made from inorganic minerals, primarily silicon and oxygen.  Inorganic means not containing any carbon.


So does that mean it Is it PTFE and/or PFOA free?

Yes, none of these chemicals are used in the manufacture of Ceramic coated cookware.


Zwilling Henckels Ceramic coated cookware

So its made of inorganic materials.  Why should I care?

Several reasons.  The inorganic composition of Ceramic non-stick coating makes it a more environmentally friendly product.

Basically, the composition is the same as sand or stone!

Additionally, it allows for easier application during manufacturing.   Most PTFE (Teflon) based non-stick coatings require at least 3 applications.  Ceramic coatings requires as little as one layer.  They also needs less time to cure, which reduces oven time, saves energy and emits 50% less carbon dioxide than PTFE based products.


And how is this inorganic sand-like mineral applied to cookware?

Most ceramic non-stick coatings are applied using a Sol-gel process.  Sol-Gel is a process that converts the inorganic liquid Solution into a Gel that can be applied to any metallic substance.  Sol-gel coatings are applied either by spray or by dipping the item in the mineral gel which is then hardened by a high heat firing process known as curing.


What about heat resistance?

Because of its inorganic nature, ceramic coated cookware is heat resistant up to 450 C.   That’s roughly 842 F.  Just so you can compare, Teflon and similar coatings will deteriorate after 500 F.


How safe is it?

According to various ceramic manufacturers, even if you accidentally heat a ceramic coated pan beyond 450 C, it will not emit any toxic fumes, unlike a Teflon coated pan.  Nor will it break down.   Which means it’s safe for humans, birds and pets.


What about lead or cadmium in the Ceramic coating?

There have been reports of some ceramic glazes that leach lead or cadmium into food.  This is typically true of ceramic cookware from Latin American and Asian countries where regulations may be a bit lax.  In the US there are strict FDA requirements (via a law known as Proposition 65) for ceramic products to be free of lead or cadmium.  All reputable companies comply or should comply with these requirements.

In order to be sure, we reached out to the German company Weilburger Coatings, the maker of the Greblon® non-stick ceramic coatings (used in Ozeri, Healthy Legend Cookware and Josef Strauss Cookware to name a few) to ask about the safety of the coating.  Here is their response:

As Greblon-Ceramic coatings are designed for food contact, of course there is no danger of lead leaching from the coating.  The product has been tested to meet US-American as well as European Food contact regulations.  Naturally, for us to market safe products, food contact for us means no lead, no cadmium, no PFOA, no PFOS .

Head of R&D, WEILBURGER Coatings GmbH


So like I said earlier, you can be quite sure that Ceramic coated cookware that is sold in the US by reputable companies is safe to use.

The key takeaway here is that if you are in the market to buy a ceramic coated non-stick pan or set, you want to be sure to pick well established brands that have no issue declaring that they are free of these toxins. [Tweet This!]


What about the non-stick properties?

Here’s where the debate starts!  According to the manufacturers of ceramic non-stick coatings like Thermolon and Greblon, these coatings provide a superior non-stick release than traditional non-stick pans.  They say the coatings are durable, scratch and abrasion resistant and will not corrode.

In reality, people either love it or hate it.  For some it performs well over years, while others have found the non-stick properties don’t last long at all, despite caution and care.  A lot of people found that the life of the non-stick element of a ceramic coated pot is one year.


Is there any way to extend the life of a ceramic coated non-stick pan?

Yes, here are some suggestions:

  • Wash using only a mild detergent in hot water with a dishcloth or sponge. Avoid  scour pads of any type
  • Cook on low to medium heat.
  • Don’t make the pan go from hot to cold too quickly
  • Wash by hand – even if the manufacturer says its dishwasher safe
  • Use plastic or wooden spoons. Metal utensils can chip or scratch the ceramic surface, making the non-stick surface less non- stick.


Can you cook on high heat with a ceramic non-stick coated pan since it is heat resistant up to 450 C?

As a general guidelines, most food should be cooked on no higher than medium to medium-high temperatures anyway.  This not only preserves the nutrition of food but also prolongs the life of any pan.  There are a few exceptions, of course, like stir-fries and searing steaks.  But even then, there is no need to hit super high temperatures during cooking.

So to answer the question, a ceramic coated pan should, in theory, be ok with higher heat however be careful with sudden temperature changes, i.e. from high to low or low to high.  That could make the ceramic coating shatter or crack.


So if non-stick ceramic coating is like stone, it should be ok to use Metal Utensils, right?

It is recommended to always use wooden, plastic, silicone or nylon utensils with any non-stick.  Stainless steel utensils could scratch or damage any non-stick coating, whether Teflon or Ceramic which would reduce the life of the pan.


Can you wash pans with non-stick ceramic coating in the dishwasher?

Depends on the brand.  Many ceramic coated non-stick pans will say they are dishwasher safe.  But as always, we at The Cookware Advisor strongly recommend you hand wash all pans with a mild detergent and hot water without any abrasive pad.


Can they be used in the oven?

Depends on the handles of the brand you buy.  If the handles are all stainless steel, most pans are good till about 500 F. If handles are silicon, then stick to 350 F.



So, are non-stick ceramic coated pans a healthier and more environmentally safer choice?  Yes. Primarily because at higher temperatures, the coating won’t break down and emits fumes that are bad for the environment and an irritant for humans.   At normal cooking temperatures under 500F, they are no more or less healthier than a PTFE (Teflon) coated pan.

Is ceramic coating the best type of non-stick that is designed to last?  Consensus seems to say ‘no’.

In fact, in all the tests conducted by Whitford, a major supplier of all types of non-stick coatings, it was found that the best ceramic coating will last only 15% as long as a PTFE (teflon) based coating.  Meaning 6 times less!

In the end, when considering Ceramic coated cookware, the choice is really more about being environmentally safer and healthier (at higher temperatures), rather than choosing a better non-stick pan.    If you want great non-stick, nothing comes close to a good quality ‘Teflon ®’ i.e. PTFE based non-stick coating.    But if you want a pan that is better for the environment and your health, then Ceramic coated cookware might be for you.


Which non-stick ceramic coated cookware does The Cookware Advisor recommend?

We did find in our research that compared to other non-stick ceramic coatings, Thermolon and Greblon stood out in terms of quality.   Here are the recommended products/brands if you are looking for ceramic coated non-stick cookware:

Best Thermolon coated cookware brands: (made by Thermolon Corporation}:

  1. GreenPan
  2. Zwilling J Henckels Spirit Cookware
  3. GreenLife



Best Greblon coated cookware brands: (made by Weilburger Coatings Germany):

  1. Ozeri Green Earth pans
  2. Healthy Legend
  3. Josef Strauss Non-Stick Skillet

Other Notable Non-Stick Ceramic coated pans:

Neoflam, the brand that uses Ecolon Ceramic coatings has also just come out with a line of premium ceramic coated cookware called the Carat Collection.  It’s named that because the look is aesthetically pleasing with a diamond like design on the lid.  We don’t know yet how it performs so time will tell.  But one thing is for sure, it is visually stunning.  Check it out here

If you liked the info above, please take a moment to share.  Thank you!

Similar articles:

What Do You Mean It’s Not Teflon? 

Copper Cookware – 11 Burning Questions Answered

The Pressure Cooker – Myths, Mysteries and Common Mistakes

92 Responses to Ceramic Coated Cookware Safety Secrets That No One Will Tell You!

  1. MomOf2 says:

    Hello, thank you so much for the detailed information. I bought Food Network ceramic cookware set. Is it safe? Should I be concerned about anything? (I handwash them)


  2. Nancy C. Hajek says:

    How do I get albumen off my ceramic frypan? Even with a slight abrasive cleaner, it seems to stick. I have the heat only on low or medium and it still sticks. Help!

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Nancy, I would avoid using any abrasive cleaner, that will scour off the coating. Have you tried baking soda in boiling water? That often works wonders. And I would recommend adding a bit of oil or butter next time to prevent the food from sticking.

  3. Ter says:

    Proposition 65 only applies to the State of California. This is very different from FDA requirements. Maybe a little more research is needed on what the FDA regulations really are.

  4. Dieter MARK says:

    It is wonderful that Weilburger Coatings sent you this beautiful letter that their GREBLON coating is absolutely safe, saying “…naturally, for us to market safe products, food contact for us means no lead, no cadmium, no PFOA, no PFOS…”, meaning they want to make sure that customers get a healthy, non-toxic product. Interesting is that on their website greblon.com it says “…all the newly formulated GREBLON® PTFE coating systems show excellent abrasion resistance in tests along with improved surface design…”, meaning their coating is PTFE based, which is a toxic chemical, also used in Teflon, that can be lethal to birds, and can cause flu-like symptoms in humans. I’m wondering why Weilburger Coatings were hiding this fact in the statement they’ve sent to you.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Mark, thanks for writing. If you had read further on their site, you would see that Greblon is available both in a ceramic based as well as PTFE (teflon) based version. Our query to them was specifically about their ceramic coating to which they replied as you have pointed out. So as far as I’m concerned, nothing was being hidden.

  5. Thank you, I find this info very useful.

  6. Lynda says:

    Do you know of a pancake griddle that is non-stick (but not ceramic) that is safe to use? I found copper titanium ceramic but don’t know if that is better than regular ceramic
    I also found an electric griddle claiming non PFOA.
    Can that be correct?

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Lynda, almost all non-stick coated cookware claims to be PFOA free…. you can read more here to understand the difference between PTFE (teflon) and PFOA. As of 2015 most PFOA has been phased out as per the Environment Protection Agency.

      As for copper titanium ceramic, its still ceramic, just reinforced.
      All pancake griddles, as far as I know, all of them have a ptfe nonstick coating. Personally I find them safe to use as long as you don’t over heat.

  7. Francine Ovios says:

    I am very unhappy with the Zwilling product. The ceramic has chipped away on my original pan in less than 1 month and its replacement has done the same. I have only used wood or plastic implements and have only cooked cereal and water in the pan. I am so disappointed that a German company can produce such an inferior product. This product simply is not well executed.

  8. Archana says:

    Hi i am Archana.i live in mumbai india. i get Bergner ceramic coated cookwares in india. Are they safe?

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Archana, I am not familiar with Bergner but a quick Google search shows they are a European company with revenues of a quarter billion dollars per year. For a company of that size, it is very likely they comply with European food contact regulations which essentially sets out the general principles of safety and inertness for all materials that come in contact with food. Personally i would feel quite comfortable using the pan.

  9. Shelia jones says:

    Thank you, I find this info very useful.

  10. John Banister says:

    Two interesting products in this category that I did not see previously mentioned are Baumalu Céracuivre, where Greblon® coating (instead of satinless or tin) is applied directly to the interior of Baumalu copper pans, and Woll aluminum pans coated via their own in-house process which incorporates bits of diamond or sapphire in the top coating surface to make it more wear resistant. I haven’t yet purchased the Céracuivre, but I can attest to the durability of the coating on Woll Saphir Lite pans.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Thank you John, I wasn’t aware of ceramic coated copper cookware, I’m glad you brought it to my attention. I will definitely do some more research and add it to the list.

  11. Megan says:

    Just a clarification – Proposition 65 only applies to products sold in California. The Proposition 65 list relies on information from the FDA, but the FDA is not necessarily regulating particular products. Also, in most cases the law only requires notification of a chemical compound’s presence so that the consumer makes the decision whether or not to buy it.

  12. Julie Schroeder says:

    My Gourmet-Lving cookwear is just over a year old and I live alone. What can I do to make my pans non stick again. I’ve never used anything but plastic wear on them but they’ve lost their non stick quality

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Julie, unfortunately that is the common experience with ceramic non-stick cookware, the nonstick lasts only about a year. If the coating is still intact, you are good to use the pans but you will have to add some sort of cooking grease to prevent food from sticking. You might have to get new pans if that doesn’t help.

  13. Harsh Nahata says:

    Hi, I have been searching for Hard anodized, ceramic coated cookware sets. Please suggest some good ones with and without heat resistant handles.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hello Harsh, if you’re looking for a set, I can suggest GreenPan. They have fairly good reviews, though keep in mind, ceramic non-stick coatings are usually not as non-stick and don’t last as long as a teflon (ptfe) type coating. Another set that you might want to consider is the Italian brand Bialetti.

  14. Sylvia says:

    I am about to buy a
    Unold Backmeister Extra
    nr. 18-050-123
    with ceramic content on the baking form, they say.
    I read it is made with titanium – and does not last really long when used often.
    I do not worry for this – but I worry for the health. Please tell me is this material safe ? I can not find details about nowhere…
    Thank you.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hello Sylvia, thank you for stopping by. I am not familiar with that brand, nor do I think its available in North America…. based on a quick search, it seems to be a German brand? Unfortunately. I don’t know anything about it but I would encourage you to contact the company and ask them about the coating so you know what it is. This way you can decide if you want to purchase it or not.

    • Casey says:

      What about EuroCAST cookware? I am about to buy a set at Sams Club and they look amazing, and have a lifetime warrantee. Yheybare titanium with ceramic coating. Is this a good brand? They are pricey but look like very good quality

      • Manny says:

        Casey, I looked into EuroCAST as well. It seems it’s marketed by a company that sells bamboo pillows and many other items at tradeshows. Homerun productions I think. When you ask about the surface, there is not a clear answer that made sense to me. It’s also really lightweight, seems lower quality. Warranty very limited too. I’m thinking maybe their focus is not cookware, but selling items in bulk–hype. So upon further looking I found Titanium Cookware that is made in Germany, that is hand-cast and solid/heavy. It was an investment but it is great to cook with. The company only sells cookware. Shipped it to my door.

        • Jeff says:

          Which brand did you find? Do they make the cookware from pure titanium, or only spraying a titanium coating on the cooking surface? Could you link to their site

  15. Linda Duncan says:

    Are there any made in the usa?

  16. Russ Denton says:

    I’ve got my eye on a AMT Gastrogus pressure cooker which has a LOTAN non- stick coating.
    Do you have any info on this LOTAN stuff.
    I only use ceramic coated pans.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hello Russ, I’m not familiar with Lotan nonstick coating so I did a quick search and while it seems like a very high quality and very durable coating, nothing in the literature clarifies if the non-stick coating is Ptfe (teflon) based or ceramic based. I would highly recommend contacting the company to find out since it is important for you to use only ceramic coatings.

  17. Wendy says:

    I received Faberware New Traditions Porcelain cookware for Christmas. The box states they are PFOA free. I was wondering if they are PTFE free as well? I can’t seem to get a straight answer from the company. I have two birds so PFOA & PTFE is a death sentence for them. Also is porcelain & ceramic the same??

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      hi Wendy, as far as I know porcelain is a type of ceramic so in terms of cookware, the terms mean the same thing.
      As for Faberware New Traditions, your best bet is to call the company again and get a definitive answer about PTFE as they do not publish what the interior non-stick coating is.

  18. Rajib Roy says:

    Most people of the Asian-country ‘ Sri Lanka ‘ use earthen-clay pots for cooking.

    I think that even Titanium-pans are not safe.
    Cast-iron cooking pans are the healthiest option as our body needs iron everyday, although I sometimes use a Double Ceramic Pan manufactured by the company ‘ NIRLON ‘.
    However, cooking in cast-iron utensils only supply about 20 % of our daily requirement of iron.

    I ( male, age 47 ) stay in country India, near city Kolkata ( http://www.ideas4all.com/users/51714-rajib69 ).

    • Lynn says:

      That is incorrect information:
      Cast Iron does put off iron (a different type of iron)
      Iron cause blood to thicken. Most men are NOT usually iron deficient and too much iron can lead to stroke. Some women are more likely to be iron defecient but again this is not the right type of iron replacement and too much can cause strokes in women as well as other health concerns.

      Recommendation: see your Physician if you are concerned about your iron levels and choose safe cookware.

    • Manny says:

      Rajib Roy, I agree with Lynn. Iron you would get from cast-iron cookware is not good.


      I decided on Titanium Cookware since we don’t absorb anything from it. It is much easier to work with in the kitchen too. It’s used for hips and teeth so I’m thinking it’s the safest option. When we absorb metals, it can cause health problems…

  19. Liz Mastin says:

    Can aluminum find its way through the ceramic coating when cooking? While anodized aluminum had wonderful conductivity properties, l do not wish to injest it and worry about that.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Liz, great question! And I will attempt to answer it to the best of my knowledge.

      In a coated pan, be it ceramic coated or teflon coated, the food DOES NOT come in contact with the underlying aluminum pan and therefore there is no fear of aluminum leaching into the food.

      Now if the pan gets scratched and exposes the underlying metal, it is important to know that it is not raw aluminum but anodized aluminum. Anodization is a process that creates a hard oxidized layer on the surface of the metal which makes it tough and non-reactive with food. So in my books, I wouldn’t worry about aluminum finding its way into the food.

      If its still a concern, I always recommend going for Stainless steel cookware with an aluminum core, e.g. the Cuisinart MultiClad Pro. That way, you get the non-reactive steel touching the food but you still get the heat conductivity of the aluminum core.
      I hope that helped!

    • Fergus S. Smith says:

      The concern about aluminum was completely unfounded. The “researcher” that claimed he found aluminum in the brain tissue had to admit that he screwed up and contaminated the tissue sample with contrast stain. No one else ever found aluminum in brain tissue from Alzheimer’s patients. Unfortunately the news media did not publicize the idiot’s mistake and retraction.

  20. Lucky says:

    that german company said lead won’t leach into food it didn’t say they don’t use lead. The same with USA regulations. It’s about leaching not whether lead is there. We all know big business conducts there testing to suit there needs and will always say there is no leaching. Plastic blenders such as Vitamix say the same thing yet after a few years of use you can see wear and tear to the plastic so how can it now be leaching. Ceramics likely have lead cadmium etc and they’ll say it doesn’t leach.. I buy pure titanium with no coatings. Nothing to worry about if no chemicals heavy metals are there

  21. Sophie says:

    This has been the most informative and wonderful site to get my questions answered. THANK YOU!

  22. kasey cinciarelli says:

    My concern is the Plastic, or other synthetic chemical content of Ceramic Coatings. Did you specifically ask this? Contacting “Orgreenic” cookware I found that the ceramic is very small beeds floated in a substrate of – well they couldn’t tell me.

    If it’s TRUE ceramic you would be able to use anytype of utensil, including SS and it would last = well forever, like ceramic does. You need to dig deeper for the truth here, and let us all know. I suspect these are all “plastic” products with these microbeeds mixed in. I know ceramics, and if you can scratch it – it’s not hi fired ceramics.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Kasey, great points and I understand you sense of skepticism, I think we all feel it at some point.
      I’m afraid I’m going to have to qualify that my understanding is that of a layperson, not a scientist. But what I understood is that the ceramic coating is applied as a an inorganic gel (Sol Gel process) which ensures even distribution of the ceramic particles over the metal surface of the pan. The base of the solution is silicon and water, not plastic.

      Additionally, if a reputable cookware brand claims the cookware is free of PTFE (i.e plastic compounds) I would take it to mean there is no plastic compound in the coating.

      Ceramic is a tough material which is scratch and abrasion resistant but I’m not sure it’s completely scratch proof. At least not if I look at my heavily scratched but well used all ceramic slow cooker…..

  23. Anita McQueen says:

    I was recently tested for metal allergies for dental work and discovered I am allergic to all metals. Therefore I have to get rid of all of my cookware. I have been researching for six months and have read everything I can get my hands on. These comments were excellent, but have just confused me more. What would you recommend I buy if you were in my position? Years ago I was using Corning products, but can not find the stove top sets anymore. Thanks.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Anita, thanks for writing. You are certainly in a tough spot as most cookware is some sort of metal, be it stainless steel, aluminum or cast iron, with or without some sort of non-stick coating. As for Corning, they stopped producing their stove top cookware around the year 2000 as an effort to reduce unprofitable product lines. All their products are now made of stoneware which cannot be used on the stovetop.

      So that leaves you with the option of 100% ceramic cookware and the best one that i know if is Xtrema by Ceramcor. The cookware is made entirely of ceramic material with no metals underneath. I believe they have an entire line of cookware as well as single items that you can purchase directly from their website. I hope that helps and good luck!

    • Avni says:

      Hi Anita,

      Vision glass pots and serving bowls by corning are available online and at Corning stores at outlet malls. Just bought 2 last month.

    • Katie says:

      I believe the VISIONS cookware is available thru http://www.worldkitchen.com, I’m not sure if that line is metal free but you might check.

      • Ginger says:

        Actually the vintage Visions found on ebay were better made. I did the research on that and the newer ones are thinner, lighter and have some problems that the vintage ones do not. I obtained two very nice Visions glass cooking pots from an ebay seller that were almost brand new and one was in the original box, never used! They were either made in USA or France and will have it on the handle. I highly recommend ebay for finding the older ones.

  24. rinah says:

    Actually, I think Lock & Lock is made in Korea…

  25. rinah says:

    I live overseas so don’t have the luxury of purchasing cookware made in the U.S. I recently bought ceramic cookware by Lock & Lock, made in China. They told me there is no lead or cadmium, nor PTFE or PFOA in their products. How can I know for sure?

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Rinah, I believe Lock & Lock cookware is available in the US too so to me that would be a good indicator that the cookware complies with the US regulations specifically Prop 65. Beyond that, unless there are specific tests done for a cookware, you really have to go by the manufacturers claims and err on the side of caution if you have doubts.

  26. LCO says:

    Hi, and thanks for an excellent page with a lot of good information. Can you elaborate a little about the DuraCeramic™ nonstick coating and Non stick aluminium coating. What is in the DuraCeramic, and will the non stick aluminium release aluminium to your food? I mainly think of those in connection with a slow cooker, where the food will be in contact with the surface for a long time but at lower temperatures.

  27. Kay says:


    I have a Xylan ceramic coated bun tray (double coated), is it safe to use please?
    I’ve removed any Teflon coated items from my house and don’t want to replace with something of a similar ilk from the same manufacturer.
    I believe Xylan is a trademark of DuPont as is Teflon which raises concerns for me and I would appreciate some clarification prior to my using for the first time to help me decide whether I use it or I take it back to the store please.
    I bought it to do Yorkshire puddings in which require a high temperature, after enquiring with the supplier they say this tray is safe up to 230c (which is ok for my required purpose), but makes me wonder what would constitute it not being safe after that point of 230c?!
    Any advice would be greatly appreciated please.
    Many thanks

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Kay, thanks for your comment and question. Xylan is made by the company Whitford and comes in both a ptfe (aka teflon) based formulation as well as silicon or ceramic based. In the case of bakeware it is ceramic based so you can be sure there is not teflon type coating on your baking tray.

      Ceramic coated cookware, while not as non-stick as Teflon coated, has been found to be safe under higher temperatures (within the confines of normal cooking/baking).

      I hope that helps resolve your question.

  28. Eric says:

    The last time I read about Tramontina
    They are from Brazil.

  29. Julie says:

    Are there any relaible tests for ceramic slowcooker inserts? There are claims that they leach lead and that adherance to FDA guidelines is hit or miss. Some manufacturers are offering anti-stick coated liners, but they do not readily disclose the type of material. Example: Andrew James (UK). One exception is K2 in Germany, which claims to use an anti-stick titanium coating.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Julie, thanks for stopping by. I don’t know of any reliable tests for ceramic inserts but like I said in the article, I would rely on good brands which (should) comply with Prop 65 when it comes to safety of consumer products. Personally, I’ve been using a ceramic slow cooker for years and I trust that it is ok to use!

  30. Sheyda says:

    Hi, thanks a lot for your great guide. What’s your idea about stainless steel cookware with Teflon coating? It’s a product of Carl Weill cookware. How is the quality of Carl Weill cookware?

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hello Sheyda, thank you for visiting this site and your comment. To be honest i have no knowledge of Carl Weill cookware so i can’t offer any opinion or knowledge of it.

  31. Connie Borton says:

    Hi! What can you share about the Red Copper line? I’ve been seeing infomercials pushing them. Thanks, Connie

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Connie, I’m afraid I don’t know much beyond the infomercials so all I know is that its a ceramic non-stick coated pan. Don’t know about its quality or durability.

  32. Karel Stepan says:

    Hey, thanks for the great guide! I have however one question. Is black anodized aluminum the same thing as hard anodized aluminium? Are you familiar with the french brand Mauviel and their Mstone collection?

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Karel, thanks for the compliment and your question.
      Very simply putting it, anodizing is the process by which the surface of an aluminum sheet is oxidized to form a harder surface. During the process, the anodized aluminum surface can be dyed into many different colors, black being one of them. As far as I know, that is what black anodized aluminum is.

      Mauviel is a well known, higher end french brand, pricey but known for quality. While I haven’t used it, I know their Mstone collection is anodized aluminum with a high quality ceramic non-stick coating. It is supposed to be super durable so if you are using it, do let us know how it turns out!

  33. Kate says:

    Hi, I have spent several days researching “safe cookware” for our home. My husband has developed significant health issues & we, as a family, our finding no one wants to lift & clean our beloved cast iron/or, porcelain-lined cast iron to clean as he used to be our primary washer of the pots. We love the porcelain lined fry pans, except for the smaller pans so easy to lift the large ones are really getting hard to deal with. We use stainless for stock pot use (boiling water) as other items require a significant amt of oil to not stick. We have researched porcelain-lined aluminum pans and were drawn to the Wear Ever Pure Living product for being free of lead, cadmium, PFOA, & PTFE free as well as it’s good ratings for durability over some of the other similar priced lines. HOWEVER, the company will not give us information as to the technology used to apply the ceramic. We are fearful of NANO applied technology as we don’t want small particles to get into the human body. We are confused as to NANO, vs THERMOLON vs how else are they applied silicone-gel and to which of these 3 manufacturing methods to apply the ceramic to the aluminum is the safest? Lastly, should we only seek out hard annodized aluminum for the base under the ceramic as some ceramic lined aluminum say this and others don’t I think? Any help would be very greatly appreciated.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Kate, to be honest, my information about how ceramic/porcelain coatings are applied is limited to knowing that most are applied using Sol-gel technology. I don’t know if nano-technology is used and you are best to try the company again to get that information.

      As for hard anodized aluminum, I would seek pans that have a hard anodized base, simply because non-stick coatings applied to an anodized pan will last much longer than when applied to a plain pan.

      Maybe I’m biased, because most of my pans are stainless steel, but would you consider using stainless steel? It has a bit of a learning curve (read my guide here) but you are then free of all concerns of cookware coatings getting into food etc.

  34. Anne says:

    Hi! I really found your reviews helpful. I have a Neoflam Cast Aluminum pan with Ecolon coating, and I wanna ask, is it really safe, like without PTFE, PFOA and PFOS, and doesn’t leech harmful chemicals like lead, cadmium, etc? I am very concerned about this. Thanks! I hope you can provide me with a helpful background info on this.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Thanks Anne, glad you found this helpful.
      Ecolon is a ceramic based coating which means that PTFE, PFOA and PFOs are not used in its making. As for lead and cadmium leaching in, I wouldn’t worry about it. Ceramic based cookware sold in the US HAS to comply with Proposition 65, an FDA requirement which stipulates that cookware has to be free of lead and cadmium. In addition, check the link to an FDA test report done on Neoflam. This should set your mind at ease.

      I hope I was able to help!

  35. Carolanne Bost says:

    Can you tell me if the Tramontina pans that are ceramic reinforced non stick are worthy of buying?

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Carolanne, I haven’t personally used the Tramontina pans but I hear they are quite a good product and provide a decent amount of non-stick. How long that non-stick lasts, I honestly don’t know yet.

  36. Marie Fuentes says:

    I have used the Thermolon but you are correct, they don’t last long. I have since changed to flameware (Cook on clay and Clay Coyote (which is now retiring). I also found a pan I wish you would comment on, Man Pans or now called Lloyd pans. They cook so well, you can use metal utensils. They are in my estimation the perfect pan if you tell me they are as safe as the mfg says they are. Love my clay flameware also. Please reply

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hello Marie, firstly, thank you for sharing your experience with Thermolon, I find first hand feedback so helpful for myself as well as other readers.
      As for Man Pans, here’s what I know. They use a proprietary coating called Gem X2 which is a water based, quartz-like finish that is bonded to the aluminum base of the pan. It is very tough, very durable and doesn’t chip or flake. These pans contain no PTFE or PFOA and the company describes them as ‘stick resistant, rather than non-stick, which means its a good idea to coat the pan with a light layer of oil or fat. From the info I can gather, this does seem to be a safe pan which has no harmful chemicals used in its manufacture, nor emits fumes if over heated. So based on this, Man pans seem to be a great choice for safety and durability.

  37. Nancy says:

    I’ve noticed that most of the brands of ceramic coated cookware that you mention are attached to a single layer of aluminum. There is no stainless steel at all. Is this sufficient for heat distribution? I’m wondering why many of the better cookware brands are constructed of aluminum within layers of stainless steel and these are not.

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Hi Nancy, you’ve touched on a great question and one that might get explained if you get a chance to read my guide to choosing cookware.

      Let me try to summarize here so I can try answer your question:
      Aluminum on its own is a great conductor of heat but reacts with food. To make a pan, aluminum is first anodized which makes the aluminum hard, corrosion resistant and less reactive with food. Then it is coated with a non-stick layer. Most, if not all, non-stick cookware is hard-anodized aluminum with a coating of PTFE or Ceramic nonstick. There is no need for stainless steel in these pans.

      Stainless steel, on the other hand, is a poor conductor of heat but is durable and doesn’t react with food. So to make stainless steel pans, two or more layers of steel are sandwiched around a core of aluminum to take advantage of stainless steel but get the better heat conductivity of aluminum (or copper in some cases). This is how most good quality stainless steel cookware brands are made.

      I hope I was able to explain, do let me know if you have any other questions.

      • pickyshopper says:

        That is an amazingly crystal clear explanation. Thank you SO much! You are the best.

      • Tjp says:

        Hard anodized cookware, such as Calphalon Commercial Hard Anodized doesn’t have any coating over the anodized aluminum. The coating is harder than steel. I still use wood and silicone utensils with it. But it is also relatively non-stick on its own, and what does stick comes off easily with a non-stick safe scrubber. If there is buildup, barmans friend or even comet or Ajax could be used. Occasionally spend a day cleaning all the pans, I’ve quite a few, with Doramond cleaner. They’ll last your lifetime and your kids … the only “wearing” foods are like tomato sauces and other acidic ones, so keep a stainless pan around too. Don’t wash them in the dishwasher. The harsh very base soap will remove the coating eventually, and will stain it on one wash. It can take steel utensils, just no points or edges. I still use wood or silicon. Non-reactive to normal cooking, and no teflon. And cleans up easier than most. By the way, highly polished stainless will also be somewhat easy to cleanup if not scratched, so wood and silicon utensils there too, and no abrasive cleaners!

  38. Kathy miner says:

    Are u familiar with the brand scan pan made in Denmark??

  39. Deena says:

    Thank you so much once again for your rapid reply to my queries about the Cuisinart MSC600 3 in 1 slow cooker with Xylan coating insert pot.
    I think you have the best site going and hope other concerned consumers regarding all kinds of non stick kitchen products etc. become aware of it.
    I will certainly pass it along.
    Thanks very much for making me feel better about using my slow cooker birthday gift.
    So out of the box IT comes (LOL)!
    Best regards,

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      You’re so welcome Deena! And thank you for your compliments, it makes it worth it to do all the research!

  40. Di says:

    Thank you for such an informative website. It has certainly helped me to navigate thru some the confusing issues about all the different types of ‘safe’ cookware.
    I was hoping you would be able to clarify aspects of the Bialetti cookware.
    My son purchased a Bialetti TerraCotta frypan when he visited USA earlier this year.
    Is it as safe as the German brands of non-stick coated ceramic cookware re: free of PTFE, PFOA and PFOS?
    Thank you

  41. Deena says:

    The best site for this kind of information be it Ceramic non-stick products or PFTE containing non-stick products I have ever encountered. Thank you!

    • Cookware Advisor says:

      Thank you Deena!

      • Deena says:

        I received the Cuisinart MSC600 3 in 1 multi slow cooker as a gift before my being aware of the lining material used for this products pot.
        Finding out after the fact that It has a Whitford Xylan non stick brown/sauté bowl insert……. a feature that seems to be appreciated by many who use this cooker and appealed to me as well because of its reviews which were mostly favorable.
        Cuisinart representatives when contacted stated it is both PFTE/PFOA free which I now was made aware by both your site and a Whitford representative I contacted is not accurate information they are giving out. That it does contain PFTE but no PFOA.
        So Before being better informed I was presented with this cooker which I thought would be great to use.
        Cuisinart should definitely be better informed about this cooker’s lining and I told them so.
        Since your posted information regarding NON ceramic type non-stick coatings stating that they were a better choice, I have not used my gift and it is still in the box it came in.
        Another concern is this particular model is no longer being produced for the Canadian market and discontinued by Cuisinart Canada.
        Not however in the United States as far as I was told.
        No explanation could be given to me by Cuisinart Canada why it was discontinued.
        I cannot return this product so I am in sort of a dilemma feeling good about using this cooker because of the PFTE coating.
        Yes, even though I was told with obvious proper use there are no harmful chemicals released into the food being cooked by this particular Whitford coating.
        Whitford produces many different types of costings.
        So in the box it stays for now.
        Curious what you have to say about my ambivalence about using this cooker gift?
        Am I unnecessarily overreacting?!
        Thanks again!

        • Cookware Advisor says:

          Hi again Deena!
          I understand your concern about PTFE based coatings but I do agree that with proper care, you are quite ok using the product. PTFE based linings, whether Teflon or Xylan won’t break down or emit fumes till they hit 500 F which is unlikely in a slow cooker. I believe this particular Cuisinart model has a high of 400F for sauteeing/browning and 212F for slow cooking. So in my opinion, you are safe.

          As for non-stick coatings flaking off in your food at some point, again, to the best of my research, PTFE/Teflon type coatings are inert and will just pass through your body harmlessly.

          So in a nutshell, I would say go for it and enjoy that slow cooker!
          I really hope that helped.

          • Donna says:

            If it is a 3 in 1 like my multi cooker it will sauté, slow cook and pressure cook. So it will reach high temps.

          • Cookware Advisor says:

            Thanks for your input Donna. I believe the particular model under discussion has the option to steam, brown/saute’ and slow cook. Not pressure cook. So the max temp is 400 F according to the product specs.
            There are other 3 in 1’s available that have a pressure cooker, that’s a different product, which is probably what you have.

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